Simply stated, a healthy diet requires proper balance of the right amounts of both macronutrients (carbohydrates, proteins, fats fiber and water) and micronutrients (vitamins and minerals). If your diet is lacking in either, or is highly unbalanced, it can cause severe health issues.
Macronutrients are nutrients that provide you with energy (calories*) and are needed in large amounts in order to live and function normally. While micronutrients, are needed in minuscule amounts, but are essential to the body’s production of enzymes, hormones and other substances necessary for proper growth and development. They can be found in food, as well as supplements.
Many fad diets tend to eliminate or cut out one or more of these, and although you may see some sort of weight loss results in the short term, the long-term affects can be very unhealthy and unsustainable for healthy living.
*Caloric intake requirements range from person to person. To get an idea of how many calories you need, refer to the ‘Caloric Requirements’ calculator under ‘Nutrition Tools’.